Who Wins When It’s Charter Schools Vs. Public?
Charter Schools vs. Public: Which is Better?
When it comes to choosing between a public or a charter school there are many different factors to consider. That being said, which is better will depend on the needs and goals of the student. It may be difficult to speak in broad strokes about public vs. charter schools because, like the students they serve, each individual school is unique. Still, fundamental differences in the rules, guidelines, and regulations for charter vs. public means each model offers a different set of opportunities for students.
What Are Charter Schools?
Charter schools are public schools that function by their own terms so to speak. Most state laws allow a charter school option where the school creates a contract with the state declaring what their school’s mission, goals, management, and modes for measuring success will be. This contract is the “charter” in charter schools! Because they operate outside of the typical public school structure, they have a much greater range of diversity of styles.
How About Popularity?
Charter schools are a relatively new education option first started in Minnesota in 1991. Since then, they have grown and they currently meet educational needs of over 7% of all students. That’s more than 3 million students! Nonetheless, public schools are still the most popular option serving about 90% of all students across the U.S.
Who Can Attend Charter Schools?
Public schools are required to be available to serve all students across the country. Typically, students are assigned to their local public schools based on their address and proximity to the school. However, they are open enrollment meaning any student can attend even if they live further away. Some of them use lottery systems to select students, but, in general, like public education, charters cannot turn down students. That being said, many charter schools do not include resources to meet some special needs students, whereas public schools are required to do so. If you or your child has special needs requirements make sure to inquire about what resources are available, particularly when thinking about a school option.
Incredible Range of Differences in Charter Schools
Because charter schools are created based on their own mandate of the mission, management, and measures of success, they are incredibly diverse–much more so than public education. With the parameters opened wide, education innovators have developed many different types of schools under the charter label. Here are some of the broader categories of charter school types:
- They with rigorous academic and behavioral standards often called “No Excuses” schools, are popular in many larger city settings often serving lower socioeconomic status students. larger city settings often serving lower socioeconomic status students. No excuses schools encompass roughly 15% of all charter schools, though they might use the term for themselves. Even within this category, such schools have a wide range of different looks and approaches.
- Serving approximately 8% of all charter students, virtual schools have taken schooling into the online classroom. The online-only option, while somewhat popular, has been harshly criticized for leaving students with much diminished academic learning in reading and math. Nonetheless, students who are motivated, independent, and organized can enjoy increased flexibility and success with such an option.
- The schools combine face-to-face learning with an online format. Some hybrid schools have teachers onsite to assist students as they complete requirements in computer centers at the school, and others allow additional focus for at-home work time. The schools with more face-to-face time, on-site hour requirements, and a better teacher to student ratios far outperform those with a more “work-from-home” emphasis.
- Also referred to as “EL,” Expeditionary Learning schools focus on experiential learning through the completion of research projects. Within this overall model, students gain critical thinking, communication, and craftsmanship skills.
The Pros & Cons of charter schools vs public school
|Smaller Class Size||May not have transportation options|
|Smaller School Size||May require more fundraising|
|More of a Family Environment||Less student diversity|
|Different Styles of Teaching||Fewer Sports & Extracurriculars|
|Qualified Teachers||Less stable teacher contracts|
|Fewer Discipline Problems||Less support for special needs|
|More Specialized Approach||Sometimes lottery system to enroll|
|Increased Ability To Try New Things||Not as standardized|
What Do Parents Think?
In national surveys asking parents to rate various categories of both types of satisfaction, charter schools outpaced the public in several categories. Both were rated about the same for the quality of teachers, safety, and facilities. Charter schools, however, were rated better in discipline, achievement, and character instruction. But remember, the quality and standards of the individual school count! they also vary greatly across every measure, so it is important to assess each school individually to find a good match.
The Bottom Line
They were created to fulfill a need in the community. Where public education fell short charter schools have risen to meet the needs of students looking for an alternative. Since they set their own goals and standards (which are enforced by the government according to the approved charter of each such school), they may be very good options for the student, or not so good.
The goodness of fit for each student is the most important factor. Does the student prefer a highly structured, strict, and academically-rigorous environment? Perhaps, a more flexible schedule with an individual learning pace is the best option. Or, maybe the student would be best served in a public school with special needs resources more widely available. Whatever the case, charter schools have opened the box for more options and more possibilities for students across the board. Consider the needs and goals of individual students to match with the best school for you. For more information, you can reach Rose Academies at 520-797-4884 today.